Nazi Trials in Which the Buna/Monowitz Concentration Camp Figured
I.G. Farben and its Buna/Monowitz concentration camp in particular were involved in several trials of Nazi criminals. Immediately following the trials of the major war criminals, leading managers of I.G. Farben had to answer to the U.S. Nuremberg Military Tribunal in 1947/1948, in Case VI, United States vs. Carl Krauch, et al. After the founding of the Federal Republic of Germany, Buna/Monowitz survivor Norbert Wollheim filed a civil suit against I.G. Farben in 1951, under German law, seeking reimbursement of wages withheld from him, as well as damages for pain and suffering. The Buna/Monowitz concentration camp played a part in several charges in the trial of SS man Bernhard Rakers in 1952/1953, and in the series of Frankfurt Auschwitz trials beginning in 1963. In the GDR, the SS physician Horst Fischer virtually served as a surrogate for I.G. Farben in his appearance before the court. The poison gas Zyklon B was the subject of other trials, in which firms that had a commercial tie with I.G. Farben were brought before the court.